Candi Borobudur, one of the greatest Buddhist monument in the world, was on my first bucket list of places I want to visit in Jogja. It’s one of the world heritage site that had been approved by UNESCO in 1991. It’s even ever known as one of seven wonder of the world. Great, right? So it would be bad if I traveled to Jogja without visiting this temple. Happily my friends agreed with me. From Dongkelan intersection our travel to Borobudur was begun.
Around half to twelve we arrived at the temple. Well, my first impression of this place was not so good. The view between in front of the first gate and the second gate were obviously different. I saw heap of food wrappers in front of the first gate, where the tour buses usually pass by. Meanwhile in the second gate — where people exchange the ticket, there was prohibition for people to bring food but drink only. It kept the temple area from the second gate until to the temple stay clean. I could enjoy the pretty garden on the way to the temple without seeing any plastic or rubbish. I like it 😀
In the 8 centuries there were two big dynasties in the Middle of Java. They were Sailendra and Sanjaya dynasty. Historians say that Sanjaya actually were still in the line of Sailendra descent. Even so, there was difference between them that slightly could be seen through the faith they hold. Sailendra was Buddhist and Sanjaya was Hindus. The information from the inscription were few. Therefore the historian couldn’t figure out about the relationship between them for sure. After decades later these two dynasty finally could be united through Rakai Pikatan and Pramodhawardhani marriage. Both of them were representatives of each dynasty. Rakai Pikatan were from Sanjaya while Pramowardhani (the daughter of Samarattungga) were from Sailendra dynasty.
Borobudur itself was built in the Samarattungga era, around 8 until 9 centuries. The whole of this temple is conception of the universe in Buddhist cosmology. It is divided into three parts, Kamadhatu, Rupadhatu, and Arupadhatu. Kamadatu is on the base. It represents of the world of desire. Next is Rupadhatu. It represents of the world of form. It has thousands reliefs that carved amazingly on the wall of the temple. When I was in the Rupadhatu, I heard a guide was explaining the reliefs to the tourists. He said the story of the reliefs has connection with Angkor Wat in Kamboja. Is that true? Or is it possible if Angkor Wat was built by Sailendra descent? I wondered.
The last is Arupadhatu. Unlike Kamadhatu and Rupadhatu, in the Arupadhatu the platforms are circle. There are no reliefs in the Arupadhatu, but stupas. The biggest stupa in the top represents the formless world. The perfect time to enjoy this temple is in the early morning or down. The view is incredibly amazing! (from photos I saw in the internet hehe)
Going down, we took a rest for a while under the trees around the temple. Along the way to exit there were much merchant ladies. Their goods were similar with Malioboro, but surprisingly it was much cheaper than Malioboro. For example, I spent only Rp 5.000 to buy six keychains. But in the Malioboro I must made a great deal to get 2 or 3 keychains with the same ammount of money. Not only keychains, but also other things were cheap too. I recommend you to have happy shopping there. 🙂
At least I say thank you for reading and sorry if my words are confusing. :p Please, correct me if I wrong! sampai jumpa! 😀